The Story of the Buddha’s Life

The Buddha Shakyamuni (article) | Khan Academy

Shakyamuni | Soka Gakkai International (SGI)

Life of Shakyamuni Buddha — Study Buddhism

Lumbini – where Buddha was born
Bodh Gaya – where Buddha attained enlightenment
Sarnath – where he gave his first teaching of the Dharma
Kushinagara – where he passed away.

A painting showing the Bodhi tree under which Siddhartha Gautama, the spiritual teacher later known as Buddha, is said to have attained enlightenment

A painting showing Siddhartha Gautama sitting under the Bodhi tree where he attained enlightenment and became the Buddha (the awaken one).

Shakyamuni under Bodhi tree

Shakyamuni under the Bodhi tree

Greco-buddhist representation of Buddha Shakyamuni from the ancient region of Gandhara, eastern Afghanistan. Greek artists were most probably the authors of these early representations of the Buddha.

Before he died, he said: “Behold, O monks, this is my advice to you. All component things in the world are changeable. They are not lasting. Work hard to gain your own salvation.”


Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove竹林七贤

(There are seven parts/videos for the topic “Seven Sages of the Bamboo-Grove” )

The seven sages of the bamboo grove refer to the seven famous scholars of the mid-third Century (during the Wei and Jin Dynasties): Ji Kang (嵇康), Ruan Ji (阮籍), Shan Tao (山涛), Xiang Xiu (向秀), Liu Ling (刘伶), Wang Rong (王戎), and Ruan Xian (阮咸) whom people called “the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove“. They were a group of outstanding writers, calligraphers, painters, and musicians who were viewed as embodying the values of naturalness and non-conformity.

竹林七贤是指魏末晋初 (240-250)的七位名士:嵇康阮籍山涛向秀刘伶王戎阮咸七人,有竹林七贤之称。

The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove – Cultural China


The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove (with a boy attendant), in a Kano school Japanese painting of the Edo period

Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove (with Rong Qiqi) 《竹林七賢與榮啟期》

Related image


The Seven Sages (for Discussion of Each Image

Above is an image of the famous Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, along with the mythological folk  hero Rong Qiqi 荣启期.  Rong Qiqi was depicted as a recluse, who shuns material possessions and lives an ascetic life. The image is a rubbing of a tomb mural from around the turn of the fifth century unearthed near Nanjing.

  1. What does this image of each sage tell us about each sage and as a whole what were these sages viewed in the medieval world and what do you think they represent?
  2. What does it tell us about the tomb occupant?


  《竹林七贤和荣启期》砖印模画出土于南京市西善桥的南朝墓葬,分布在墓室的南北两壁,各由三百余块青砖拼嵌而成。 (from:

中國美術史–竹林七賢 (蔣勳) (Video in Chinese):

王西京1999年作 竹林七贤 纸本镜心

王西京1999年作 竹林七贤 纸本镜心 (from 竹林七贤(中国魏晋时期七位名士)_百度百科)


(from Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove – Wikipedia

The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove have inspired not only generations of poets, but also painters and other artists.