- Celestial Daoism
- The Maoshan Revelations and Supreme Purity Daoism
- Elixir Daoism
（There are seven parts/videos for the topic “Seven Sages of the Bamboo-Grove” )
The seven sages of the bamboo grove refer to the seven famous scholars of the mid-third Century (during the Wei and Jin Dynasties): Ji Kang (嵇康), Ruan Ji (阮籍), Shan Tao (山涛), Xiang Xiu (向秀), Liu Ling (刘伶), Wang Rong (王戎), and Ruan Xian (阮咸) whom people called “the Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove“. They were a group of outstanding writers, calligraphers, painters, and musicians who were viewed as embodying the values of naturalness and non-conformity.
Above is an image of the famous Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove, along with the mythological folk hero Rong Qiqi 荣启期. Rong Qiqi was depicted as a recluse, who shuns material possessions and lives an ascetic life. The image is a rubbing of a tomb mural from around the turn of the fifth century unearthed near Nanjing.
中國美術史–竹林七賢 (蔣勳) （Video in Chinese）：
The Seven Sages of the Bamboo Grove have inspired not only generations of poets, but also painters and other artists.
“Learning of Mystery” (in Chinese，玄学 “xuán xué”）is Sometimes also called “Neo-Daoism”; it is a Daoistic movement which had developed during the Wei Jin period. It focused on the reinterpretations of the philosophical works of Zhuangzi (庄子), Laozi （老子）, and the Book of Change (易经), promoting the ideas of naturalness and spontaneity.
Naturalness：A Daoistic concept of central importance in the Learning of Mystery, justifying non-conformity to social norms on the basis that everything should follow of its own accord. （from ChinaX）
Three Kingdoms: 220–280 CE. It is the period following the end of the Han dynasty when China was divided into three kingdoms: Wei (魏, Wèi), Shu (蜀, Shǔ), and Wu (吳, Wú). China was eventually reunified by Sima Yan, the founder of Jin Dynasty in 280 C.E.
In this post, you will learn about the three kingdoms, the key players in this period, and major battles responsible for the control of Cao Cao in the north and the formation of division of the three kingdoms.
Guandu Battle (208 C.E.）firmly established Cao Cao’s leading position in the north after defeating his rival, General Yuan Shuai. After the battle, he successfully united the north in China.
Established their Empire:
Wei: 220 C.E. (Cao Pi–Cao Cao’s son–forced Han Xian Di 汉献帝 to abdicate his throne, and usurped Han, and changed the dynasty’s name to Wei 魏。)
Shu: 221 C.E.
Wu: 229 C.E.
The battle of Red Cliffs:
Cause: Cao Cao attempted to unify China.
Cao Cao came down with 300,000 soldiers, fighting with the allied force of Liu Bei and Sun Quan (who only had 50,000 soldiers.)
Consequences: After the battle, Cao Cao was defeated and China was divided into three kingdoms.