Daoism 道学 and Daoist Religion 道教

Introduction to Daoism | Asia for Educators | Columbia University

Daoism | Chinese philosophy and religion | Britannica.com

Daoist Religion

  • Celestial Daoism
  • The Maoshan Revelations and Supreme Purity Daoism
  • Elixir Daoism
  • Alchemy

道教 from 全国宗教资讯网

道教與道家的同異- 蓬瀛仙館道教文化中心資料庫


Chu-Han Contention, 206-202 B.C.E. 楚汉相争

Chu-Han Contention | eTeacher’s Chinese Offical Blog

Chu-Han Contention, 206-202 BC

Chu–Han Contention – Wikipedia

The Chu-Han Contention – Cultural China

What is the significance of the Chu-Han contention in Chinese history

Episode 23: The Chu-Han Contention – The History of China

Chinese Sources:


楚汉战争- 维基百科,自由的百科全书

Xiang Yu: “力拔山兮气盖世,时不利兮骓不逝,骓不逝兮可奈何!虞兮虞兮奈若何!”

“Pure Criticism” (Qing-Yi–清议) and the Great Proscription (Dang Gu Zhi Huo–党锢之祸)

See China X on the Fourth Option: Eastern Han

  • “Pure Criticism”–Qing-Yi (清议)
  • the Great Proscription–Dang Gu Zhi Huo (党锢之祸)

History of Chinese Philosophy – Page 304 – Google Books

the Great Proscription (Dang Gu) of 169-184 C.E.

The great civil disturbances of the Later Han

Chinese Sources:

(介绍1:30- 1:33 qingliu 清流 “Pure Stream”--清议 “Pure Criticism”,4:27-6:28 介绍熹平石经和太学;有48 块 石经立于太学东门前;察举制;党锢之祸)




Eunach vs. Consort's Family



党锢之祸- WikiVisually

(Starting from the section: 4:22 a picture demonstrates the vicious cycle of the contention between the consort’s family and the eunuchs.)

Silk Road

Image result for silk road

File:Silk route chinese.jpg

Image result for 丝绸之路

The Silk Road extending from Southern Europe through Arabia, Somalia, Egypt, Persia, India and Java until it reaches China.

(Detailed PDF map)

Silk Road Links – Kenyon College

Silk Road | Center for Global Education | Asia Society

Silk Road – Wikipedia

Silk Road – Ancient History Encyclopedia

Silk Road | trade route | Britannica.com

SilkRoad – Stanford Virtual labs

The Silk Road – Ancient China for Kids – Mr. Donn’s China

Ancient China for Kids: The Silk Road – Ducksters


Resources in Chinese:

丝绸之路 at Wikipedia (in Chinese)

Zhang Qian 张骞

Image result for 凿空西域

Image result for 凿空西域

Image result for 凿空西域

 Sources in Chinese Language: